volleyball hitting drills

5 Dynamic Volleyball Hitting Drills To Master Your Technique

In this article, we will explore five dynamic volleyball hitting drills designed to enhance your technique, increase your power, and elevate your overall performance on the court.

Being a proficient hitter on your volleyball team is of utmost importance as it can significantly contribute to the overall success of your team. Hitting is one of the primary offensive weapons in volleyball, allowing players to score points by delivering powerful and well-placed attacks. A skilled hitter has the ability to outwit and overpower the opposing team's defense, creating opportunities for scoring and disrupting the rhythm of the game. 

The impact of a proficient hitter goes beyond the ability to score points. A skilled hitter creates a sense of unpredictability and forces the opposing team to adjust their defensive strategies. As a result, the opposing blockers are occupied with trying to stop your attacks, which opens up opportunities for other teammates to exploit gaps in the defense or execute decoy plays. A strong hitter draws attention and commands respect from the opposition, often drawing multiple blockers towards them. This, in turn, creates more favorable situations for your team, such as one-on-one blocking matchups or open spaces on the court for your teammates to attack. A good hitter can change the momentum of a game, inspire teammates, and boost team morale, ultimately leading to increased success on the court.

Training and focusing on your hitting abilities during volleyball training sessions is crucial for several reasons. Firstly, hitting is a specialized skill that requires consistent practice and refinement to reach its full potential. By dedicating specific time and attention to hitting drills, you can enhance your technique, timing, and power, ultimately becoming a more formidable attacker on the court. Secondly, focusing on hitting during training sessions allows you to identify and address any weaknesses or areas for improvement in your game. Whether it's improving your footwork, adjusting your approach, or developing better shot selection, targeted training enables you to fine-tune your hitting skills and iron out any shortcomings. Additionally, training your hitting abilities helps build muscle memory, allowing you to execute attacks with precision and efficiency during actual matches. By honing your hitting skills through dedicated training, you increase your chances of consistently delivering impactful hits, scoring crucial points for your team, and contributing significantly to your team's success.

Whether you're a beginner looking to develop a solid foundation or an experienced player aiming to take your hitting skills to the next level, these drills will serve as valuable tools in your journey towards becoming an unstoppable force at the net. So, grab your gear and get ready to unleash your hitting prowess with these five indispensable volleyball hitting drills.


5 Volleyball Hitting Drills

1. Approach & Swing Technique Refinement

The approach and swing technique drill is a foundational exercise that enhances hitting skills in volleyball. It refines technique, develops timing and coordination, promotes consistency and control, fosters versatility and adaptability, and builds confidence in players. Incorporating this drill into training sessions allows players to become more proficient hitters.


  • Start by standing at the back of the court near the end line. This is your starting position.
  • Begin the drill by taking your initial steps to build momentum for your approach. Start with your non-dominant foot, followed by your dominant foot, maintaining a steady rhythm.
  • As you approach the net, focus on your footwork. Take long, powerful strides, leading with your non-dominant foot, and then quickly transferring your weight onto your dominant foot.
  • Just before reaching the net, initiate your jump by exploding upward with both feet, using your arms to generate upward momentum. Swing your arms backward during your approach to maximize your power.
  • As you reach the peak of your jump, bring your dominant arm forward, extending it fully for the swing. Keep your non-dominant arm extended for balance and stability.
  • Time your swing to make contact with the ball at its highest point. Focus on a clean, controlled contact, aiming for the center of the ball.
  • Follow through with your swing, allowing your arm to continue its motion in the direction of your intended target. This will provide added power and accuracy to your hit.
  • Land on both feet simultaneously, absorbing the impact of your jump. Maintain your balance and quickly prepare for the next repetition.
  • Repeat the drill multiple times, focusing on maintaining proper technique and gradually increasing your speed and power as you become more comfortable with the movements.


Pay attention to your body positioning throughout the drill. Keep your shoulders squared to the net and your eyes on the ball at all times. Practice the drill at different tempos, starting with a slow and controlled approach, then gradually increasing your speed to simulate game-like conditions. Incorporate variations into the drill, such as hitting from different positions on the court or adjusting your approach angle, to develop versatility in your hitting technique.



2. Power Hitting Through Resistance Training

Power hitting through resistance training offers numerous benefits for enhancing hitting skills in volleyball. It increases hitting power and swing speed, improves muscle endurance and stamina, enhances stability and control, and contributes to injury prevention. By incorporating resistance training into your routine, you can take your hitting abilities to new heights, becoming a dominant force at the net and a valuable asset to your team's success.


When incorporating resistance training into your hitting exercises, consider the following tips to maximize the benefits and ensure safe and effective training:

  • Start with Proper Form: Before adding resistance, ensure that you have a solid foundation of proper hitting technique. Focus on mastering the correct footwork, arm swing, and body positioning.
  • Gradually Increase Resistance: Begin with lighter resistance or lower weights and gradually progress as your strength and proficiency improve. Gradual progression allows your muscles to adapt and minimize the risk of injury.
  • Focus on Controlled Movements: Maintain control throughout the hitting motion, even with resistance. Avoid using momentum to compensate for the added resistance. 
  • Incorporate Functional Exercises: Include exercises that mimic the hitting motion while incorporating resistance. For example, perform resisted arm swings, chest presses, or rotational exercises that engage the muscles involved in hitting. These functional exercises simulate the hitting motion more closely, translating directly to improved hitting skills.
  • Balance Strength Training: Incorporate resistance training exercises that target both the upper and lower body. A balanced approach helps develop overall strength and power.
  • Listen to Your Body: Pay attention to your body's cues and avoid overexertion or pushing through excessive fatigue. It's essential to strike a balance between challenging yourself and allowing sufficient rest and recovery.


    When incorporating resistance training into your hitting exercises, consider the following tips to maximize the benefits and ensure safe and effective training:


Checkout the VertiMax App for resistance training programs and power drills. The App library has 100’s of videos that are expertly curated exercises, tailored specifically to volleyball.

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3. Blocking & Hitting Combination Drill

Incorporating blocking and hitting combination drills into your training provides numerous benefits. It enhances court awareness, improves timing and coordination, develops versatility and adaptability, sharpens decision-making skills, and gives you a competitive edge. 


  • Divide your team into two groups: blockers and hitters. Position the blockers near the net on one side of the court, and the hitters on the other side.
  • Begin with the blockers practicing their blocking technique. Encourage them to focus on proper footwork, timing, and reaching their hands over the net. Emphasize the importance of staying disciplined and not committing early.
  • On the hitter's side, the coach or a designated setter initiates the play by tossing or setting the ball to one of the hitters.
  • As the ball is set, the blockers on the other side react quickly, moving into position to form a block. They should aim to close the gap and create a solid wall at the net.
  • The hitter approaches the net, analyzing the positioning of the blockers. Based on the block formation, the hitter must make a split-second decision on shot selection or adjust their hitting approach accordingly.
  • The hitter executes the hit, aiming to find the gaps in the block or exploit any weaknesses identified during the approach. Encourage hitters to vary their shots, utilizing different angles, speeds, and shot placements to challenge the blockers.
  • After the hit, the coach or setter collects the ball and repeats the drill with a different hitter, providing opportunities for all hitters to practice against the blockers.
  • Rotate the players in both the blocking and hitting groups to ensure everyone gets equal opportunities to practice. Gradually increase the intensity and speed of the drill, simulating game-like situations. This will challenge the blockers to react quickly and the hitters to make faster decisions.


Emphasize the importance of proper technique and footwork for both blockers and hitters. Encourage hitters to be observant and read the block formation quickly, adapting their hitting approach accordingly. Vary the positions and angles of the blockers to simulate different defensive scenarios and challenges.

4. Dynamic Hitting With Variable Sets

Dynamic Hitting with Variable Sets drills provide multiple benefits for enhancing hitting skills in volleyball. They improve adaptability, decision-making, shot repertoire, timing, anticipation, and decision-making under pressure. By incorporating these drills into your training, you become a more versatile and effective hitter, capable of adapting to different sets, making optimal decisions, and maximizing your scoring potential on the volleyball court.

One example of a Dynamic Hitting with Variable Sets drill is the "Set Variation Drill." Here's a step-by-step guide for implementing this drill:


  • Divide your team into two groups: setters and hitters. Position the setters on one side of the court and the hitters on the other side.
  • The drill starts with a setter initiating a set. The setter has the freedom to deliver different types of sets, such as high sets, quick sets, back sets, or shoot sets.
  • The hitters must react quickly to the set variation and adjust their approach and swing accordingly. They should aim to execute effective hits based on the specific type of set received.
  • Encourage the setters to mix up the sets randomly, without a predictable pattern, to challenge the hitters' adaptability and decision-making skills.
  • As the drill progresses, increase the complexity by introducing additional elements. For example, you can incorporate blockers to simulate a more realistic game situation. This adds further challenge and requires hitters to identify gaps in the block or adjust their shots to overcome the defensive barrier.
  • Rotate the players in both the setter and hitter groups, allowing everyone to experience different roles and gain a broader perspective of the game.


Emphasize effective communication between setters and hitters. This enables better coordination and synchronization, ensuring a seamless connection between the set and the hit. Focus on technique, shot selection, and adaptability. 


To help with your setting abilities ball control, checkout these Top 8 Volleyball Drills For Ball Control.

volleyball drills for ball control



5. Game-Simulated Hitting Scenarios

Game-Simulated Hitting Scenario drills improve pressure handling, decision-making, shot selection, positional awareness, timing, anticipation, spatial awareness, court vision, and confidence. By incorporating these drills into your training, you become a more well-rounded and effective hitter.

One example of a Game-Simulated Hitting Scenario drill for volleyball is the "Rotating Blockers and Defensive Players" drill. Here's a step-by-step guide for implementing this drill:


  • Divide your team into three groups: hitters, blockers, and defensive players. Position the blockers and defensive players on one side of the court, and the hitters on the other side.
  • Begin the drill by initiating a simulated rally. The defensive players on one side pass or dig the ball to the setters, who then set the ball to the hitters on the other side.
  • As the rally progresses, incorporate rotating blockers and defensive players. For each repetition, the blockers and defensive players switch positions and take their positions accordingly. This simulates the dynamic nature of the game, where blockers and defenders move and adjust during the rally.
  • Encourage the blockers to form a solid block and react quickly to the sets, adjusting their positions to counter the hitters. The defensive players should be active in their movement, covering the court and anticipating potential hitting areas.
  • The hitters must read the blockers' movements, identify open spaces, and choose the most effective shots to score points. They should aim to exploit any gaps in the block or utilize well-placed shots to challenge the defenders.
  • Rotate the players within their respective groups, allowing everyone to experience different roles and gain exposure to different formations.


Clearly communicate the specific scenario or game situation that players will be simulating during the drill. Encourage players to call out blocking strategies, communicate gaps in the block, or alert teammates to open areas on the court. Effective communication enhances the efficiency and effectiveness of the drill.

To excel in the art of hitting, it is imperative to incorporate a diverse range of drills into your training routine. The five drills outlined in this article provide a comprehensive approach to developing strong hitting skills, refining technique, increasing power, and enhancing court awareness. By dedicating time and effort to these drills, you can elevate your hitting game, contribute significantly to your team's success, and dominate the volleyball court like never before. So, grab your gear, assemble your teammates, and start perfecting these drills to unleash your hitting prowess and reach new heights in the game of volleyball.


Take the leap and unleash your hitting power with VertiMax. Elevate your game to new heights, increase your power, and dominate the net. Whether you're a professional athlete, a competitive player, or a dedicated volleyball enthusiast, incorporating VertiMax volleyball training into your training regimen can make a significant difference in your hitting abilities.

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